Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual changes in happiness
Subject code: H04ab02

StudyThompson et al. (1960): study US 1952
TitleThe Effect of Retirement on Personal Adjustment: A Panel Analysis.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1960, Vol. 15, 165 - 169
Public60+ aged, employed at start, followed 2 years, USA, 1952-54
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1559

Correlate
Author's labelPast happiness.
Our classificationActual changes in happiness, code H04ab02
Operationalization
Happiness (M-AO) assessed at: T1 (1952) and T2 (1954)
1 got less happy: from happy to unhappy
2 got more happy: from unhappy to happy
Observed distributionN = 1: 788, 2: 771
Remarks
T1-T2 difference 1,5 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-v*-10-aD%=-
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness from  happy   unhappy
                                to      to
                                unhappy happy
Gainfull employed thoughout      34%     22%
Retired
- willing voluntary              31%     29%
- willing administrative         39%     42%
- reluctant voluntary            64%     26%
- reluctant administrative       57%     19%


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-AO---mq-v*-10-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in life today......?
3 a great deal
2 some but not very much
1 almost none

B In general, how would you say you feel most of the time, in good spirits or in low spirits.....?
1 I am usually in low spirits
2 I am sometimes in good spirits, sometimes in low spirits
3 I am mostly in good spirits

C On the whole, how satisfied are you with your way of life today.....?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not satisfied at all

Items selected by Guttman scaling.


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl