Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Honesty in nation

StudySteel & Ones (2002): study ZZ 1972
TitlePersonality and Happiness: A National Level Analysis.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2002, Vol. 83, 767 - 781
PublicAdult general public, 39 nations, 1972-1998
SampleMixed samples
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =40000

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-deception
Page in Source 771-772
Our classificationHonesty in nation
Operationalization
Self-deception as measured by the Eysenck Personality 
Questionnaire
Observed distributionM=15,34 SD=3,30
Remarks
Assessed in various subgroups assumed to be 
representative for the general population over the 
years 1975-1998.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-*-mq-nt-11-ar=-.35 p < .05
AVERAGE Self-deception by AVERAGE happiness 
(Affect) in 24 nations
O-SLV-*-sq-nt-11-ar=-.37 p < .05
AVERAGE Self-deception by AVERAGE happiness (Life 
Satisfaction) in 31 nations
O-HL-*-sq-nt-11-ar=-.38 p < .05
AVERAGE Self-deception by AVERAGE happiness 
(Happiness in Life) in 32 nations
O-Sum-*-sq-nt-11-ar=-.36 p < .05
AVERAGE Self-deception by AVERAGE happiness 
(Overall Appraisal) in 33 nations


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AB-*-mq-nt-11-aSelfreport on multiple questions:

Equivalent questionnaires about experienced positive and negative affect, such as Bradburn's ABS and Watson's PANAS. The number and wording of the questions varies somewhat across studies and languages.

Scores are transformed linearly to range 0-10
O-HL-*-sq-nt-11-aSelf report on single question:

Equivalent questions on happiness rated on various scales. The items differ slightly in wording and number of the response options.

Scores are transformed to a common range 0 - 10 by means of expert weighting of response options (Thurstone's method).
O-SLV-*-sq-nt-11-aSelf report on single question:

Equivalent questions on life-satisfaction rated on various scales. The items differ slightly in wording and number of the response options.

Scores are transformed to a common range 0 - 10 by means of expert weighting of response options (Thurstone's method).
O-Sum-*-sq-nt-11-aSelf report on single question:

Equivalent questions on happiness and life-satisfaction rated on various scales. The items differ slightly in wording and number of the response options.

Scores are transformed to a common range 0 - 10 by means of expert weighting of response options (Thurstone's method).


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl