Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Change of city size

StudyDelken (2008): study DE 2004
TitleHappiness in Shrinking Cities in Germany.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2008, Vol. 9, 213 - 218
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-007-9046-5
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22000

Correlate
Author's labelcity growth (vs decline)
Page in Source 31, 33, 35, 36
Our classificationChange of city size
Operationalization
5: fast growing > +8%
4: growing city > +2,0%
3: stable city -1,99% to +1,99%
2: shrinking city < -2,0%
1: fast shrinking < -8%
Observed distributionN= 5:35.9%, 4:20.5%,3:12.9%, 2:13.0%, 1:13.9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=-
All Germany
4: growing city     M = 7.1 CI95[7.06-7.12]
3: stable city      M = 7.0 CI95[6.92-7.05]
2: shrinking city   M = 6.8 CI95[6.72-6.81]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
former East Germany

5: fast growing city  M = 6.4 CI95[6.31-6.54]
4: growing city       M = 6.4 CI95[6.31-6.53]
3: stable city        M = 6.5 CI95[6.27-6.68]
2: shrinking city     M = 6.5 CI95[6.42-6.53]
1: fast shrinking     M = 6.5 CI95[6.40-6.52]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+/-
former West-Germany

5: fast growing city  M = 7.1 CI95[7.10-7.18]
4: growing city       M = 7.1 CI95[7.12-7.18]
3: stable city        M = 7.0 CI95[6.97-7.10]
2: shrinking city     M = 7.2 CI95[7.10-7.24]
1: fast shrinking     M = 7.1 CI95[7.05-7.28]


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl