Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Size of urban setting

StudyDelken (2008): study DE 2004
TitleHappiness in Shrinking Cities in Germany.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2008, Vol. 9, 213 - 218
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-007-9046-5
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22000

Correlate
Author's labelCity size, size of the region ("Kreis")
Page in Source 32, 33
Our classificationSize of urban setting
Operationalization
a:      0-   2000 inhabitants
b:   2000-   5000 inhabitants
c:   5000-  20000 inhabitants
d:  20000-  50000 inhabitants
e:  50000- 100000 inhabitants
f: 100000- 500000 inhabitants
g:       > 500000 inhabitants
Observed distributionN = a: 0.3%, b: 13.5%, c: 20.9%, d: 17.8%, e: 7.8%, f: 17.4%, g: 12.3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
a:      0-   2000 M = 6.7 CI95[6.64-6.79]
b:   2000-   5000 M = 6.7 CI95[6.64-6.76]
c:   5000-  20000 M = 7.1 CI95[7.08-7.18]
d:  20000-  50000 M = 7.0 CI95[6.94-7.05]
e:  50000- 100000 M = 7.1 CI95[7.02-7.18]
f: 100000- 500000 M = 7.0 CI95[6.93-7.04]
g:       > 500000 M = 7.1 CI95[7.01-7.14]


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl