Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Current life-goals

StudyHeadey (2008): study DE 1990
TitleLife Goals Matter to Happiness: A Revision of Set-Point Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 86, 213 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9138-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-2004
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3553

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent priority for life-goals
Page in Source 222, 227
Our classificationCurrent life-goals
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions on perceived importance of 
goals:
a: being able to buy things
b: fulfilling your potential
c: success in job
d: having children
e: having a good marriage
f: being involved in social and political activities
g: helping other people

Rated: 1 'very umimportant' to 4 'very important

Grouped on the basis of factor analysis
A: zero-sum goals: succes (a+b+c)
B: non-zero-sum goals; family life (d+e)
C: non-zero-sum goals altruism (f+g)
Error EstimatesT2-T3 over-time correlation: Success goals: r = +.49, Family goals r = +.49, Altruistic goals: r = +.41
Remarks
T1: 1990, T2: 1995, T3: 2004
Assessed at T3. Average importance of ratings, 
transformed to dummy-variable by split at the mean

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
T3 Happiness by T3 priority life-goals
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=+.11
Priority for family-goals
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.26 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=+.15
Priority for altruistic-goals
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.16 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=+.07
Priority for succes-goals
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.09 p < .05

Beta's controlled for
-current priorities for the alternative goals
-gender
-age
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-internal locus of control
-having a partner
-years of education
-disposable household income
-health disability

Beta's very similar for men, women and respondents 
in prime age (25-59).


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl