Study | Cornelisse-Vermaat (2005): study NL 2001 |

Title | Household Production, Health and Happiness. A Comparison of the Native Dutch and Non-Western Immigrants in the Netherlands. |

Source | PhD Thesis, University of Wageningen, 2005, Netherlands |

Public | 18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2001 |

Sample | Probability stratified sample |

Non-Response | 76,6% |

Respondents N = | 2551 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Ethnic groups |

Page in Source | 142 + 147 |

Our classification | Ethnic status in the Netherlands |

Operationalization | a. Native Dutch b. Surinamese/Antilleans c. Moroccans d. Turks |

Observed distribution | a: 27,5%; b: 27,5%; c:17,6%; d: 27,4% |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a | DM= | Women Native Dutch: Mean 7,56 -Surinamese/ Antilleans: Mean 7,35 -Maroccans: Mean 7,41 -Turks: Mean 7,05 |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a | F= p < .01 | a>b,c,d |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a | DM= | Men -Native Dutch: Mean 7,58 -Surinames/ Antilleans: Mean 7,37 -Morroccans: Mean 7,37 -Turks: Mean 7,23 |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a | F= p < .01 | a>b,c,d |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a | Beta=-.06 p < .05 | Surinames/Antilleans (vs. native Dutch) |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a | Beta=-.03 ns | Maroccans (vs. native Dutch) |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a | Beta=-.09 p < .01 | Turks (vs.native Dutch) Beta's controlled for -gender -education -age -smoking -overweight -self-reported health -marital status -having children -working hours -household income -total outsourcing expenditures -total household and caretime -homeownership -living in urbanm area -unemployment -religious affiliation |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a | Selfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original) |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

Beta | STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS) Type: test statistic. Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric. Range: [-1 ; +1] Meaning: beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average. beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average. beta = 0 « no correlation. beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation. |

DM | DIFFERENCE of MEANS Type: descriptive statistic only. Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero. Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels. |

F | F-STATISTIC Type: asymmetric standard test statistic. Range: nonnegative unlimited Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl