Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Object of earlier goals

StudyHeadey (2008): study DE 1990
TitleLife Goals Matter to Happiness: A Revision of Set-Point Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 86, 213 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9138-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-2004
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3553

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier average priority for life-goals
Page in Source 221, 225
Our classificationObject of earlier goals
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions on perceived importance of 
goals:
a: being able to buy things
b: fulfilling your potential
c: success in job
d: having children
e: having a good marriage
f: being involved in social and political activities
g: helping other people

Rated: 1 'very umimportant' to 4 'very important

Grouped on the basis of factor analysis
A: zero-sum goals: succes (a+b+c)
B: non-zero-sum goals; family life (d+e)
C: non-zoro-sum goals altruism (f+g)
Error EstimatesT2-T3 over-time correlation: Success goals: r = +.49, Family goals r = +.49, Altruistic goals: r = +.41
Remarks
Assessed at T1 (1990), T2 (1995) and T3 (2004)
Average ratings at T1,T2, and T3, transformed to 
dummy-variables by split at the mean

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness by average priority at T 
1,2,3 for life-goals
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.01 ns
average priority at T 1,2,3 for family-goals
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.13 p < .01
average priority at T 1,2,3 for altruistic goals
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.12 p < .01
average priority at T 1,2,3 for success goals

Beta's controlled for
-average priority for alternative life-goals
-gender
-age
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-internal locus of control
-life satisfaction at T1 (1990)
-partner in 2004
-years of education
-disposable income
-health disability


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl