Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)

StudyHeadey (2008): study DE 1990
TitleLife Goals Matter to Happiness: A Revision of Set-Point Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 86, 213 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9138-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-2004
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3553

Correlate
Author's labelPast life-satisfaction at T1
Page in Source 225
Our classificationPast happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with 
your life these days? Please answer with the help of 
this scale. For instance, when you are totally 
satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you 
are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick 
'0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that 
you are neither totally satisfied nor totally 
unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0  totally unsatisfied
Remarks
Assessed at T1: 1990, T2: 1995, T3: 2004
5-6% of respondents went up 1,5 standard deviation or 
more between T1 and T3; 10-12% went down 1,5 standard 
deviation or more.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.57 p < .001
T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness by T1 LEVEL of happiness

Beta controlled for
-average priority at T 1,2,3 for life-goals
-gender
-age
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-internal locus of control
-partner in 2004
-years of education
-disposable income
-health disability


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl