Correlational finding on Happiness and Vacationing
Subject code: A02ac14

StudyNawijn (2011): study 2009
TitleDeterminants of Daily Happiness on Vacation.
SourceJournal of Travel Research, 2011, Vol. 50, 559 - 566
DOIDOI:10.1177/0047287510379164
PublicInternational tourists visiting the Netherlands, 2009
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =466

Correlate
Author's labelColleagues as travel party
Page in Source 561
Our classificationVacationing, code A02ac14
Operationalization
Who are you travelling with?
Observed distributiona = 27 b = 75 c = 61 d = 265 e = 10 f = 26
Remarks
Dummy variable.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-dBeta=-.15 p < .005
self-report on single question: who are you 
traveling with?

a. Alone
b. Partner
c. Family
d. Friends
e. Colleagues
f. Other

Controlled for time of day, day of the trip, 
length of stay, life satisfaction, age, gender, 
income and marital status


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-dSelfreport on 8 questions:

..how frequent one experienced in the past few weeks..
A happy
B satisfied
C contented
D cheerful
E sorry
F sad
G depressed
H dissatisfied

Rated for applicability:
4 definitely
3 slightly
2 slightly not
1 definitely not

Summation: (A+B+C+D) - (E+F+G+H)

Name: Hedonic Tone (HT) subscale of UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl