Correlational finding on Happiness and Vacationing
Subject code: A02ac14

StudyNawijn (2011): study 2009
TitleDeterminants of Daily Happiness on Vacation.
SourceJournal of Travel Research, 2011, Vol. 50, 559 - 566
DOIDOI:10.1177/0047287510379164
PublicInternational tourists visiting the Netherlands, 2009
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =466

Correlate
Author's labelOther type of holiday
Page in Source 561
Our classificationVacationing, code A02ac14
Operationalization
What type of holiday is this trip?
Observed distributiona. = 134 b. = 12 c. = 162 d. = 5 e. = 2 f. = 30 g. = 110 h. = 7
Remarks
Other categories were not significant (culture holiday, 
nature holiday, city trip, beach holiday, cruise, event 
holiday, tour)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-dBeta=+.10 p < .05
self-report on single question: what type of 
holiday is this?

A. = culture holiday
b. = nature holiday
c. = city trip
d. = beach holiday
e. = cruise
f. = event holiday
g. = tour
h. = other 

Controlled for time of day, day of the trip, 
length of stay, life satisfaction, age, gender, 
income and marital status


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-dSelfreport on 8 questions:

..how frequent one experienced in the past few weeks..
A happy
B satisfied
C contented
D cheerful
E sorry
F sad
G depressed
H dissatisfied

Rated for applicability:
4 definitely
3 slightly
2 slightly not
1 definitely not

Summation: (A+B+C+D) - (E+F+G+H)

Name: Hedonic Tone (HT) subscale of UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl