Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Attitudes to one's possessions

StudyLee et al. (2002): study US 1997
TitleDeveloping a Subjective Measure of Consumers Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Macromarketing, 2002, Vol. 22, 158 - 169
DOIDOI:10.1177/0276146702238219
Public18+ aged, students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =298

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with product disposition
Page in Source 164,166
Our classificationAttitudes to one's possessions
Operationalization
Selfreport on 7 questions:

For various reasons, people may be more or less happy 
with te disposability of a product. If you use any of 
the following products, please indicate the extent to 
which you are satisfied/dissatisfied with the product 
class when you dispose of the product or its packkage. 
Respond only to items you use.

a. Food (milk, canned foods, cookies, carbonated 
drinks, etc.)
b. Personal care products (toothpaste, shampoo, 
deodorant, etc.)
c. Cleaning and home maintenance products (detergents, 
window sprays, vacuum bags, air fresheners, paint, 
etc.)
d. Paper products
e. Baby care products (diapers, baby wipes, talcum 
powder, Vaseline, etc.)
f. Automotive products (oil, oil filters,antifreeze, 
car wax, batteries, tires, etc.)
g. Lawn and yard (leaves, grass, dead wood, etc.)

Rated:
1=awful
2=bad
3=unsatisfactory
4=neutral
5=satisfactory
6=good
7=wonderful
0=no opinion, missing value

Composite index is average of 7 formative single 
indicators.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.32 p < .01
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.07 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- job
- family
- finance
- health
- education
- friendships
- leisure
- neighbors
- community
- spiritual
- taxes
- environment
- political situation
- housing
- cultural life
- social life

Unaffected by additional control for satisfaction 
with:
- acquisitions
- possessions
- consumption
- repair services
- do-it-yourself repairs
(consumer well-being)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl