Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Sex (male vs female)

StudyZubieta et al. (2012): study AR Buenos Aires 2007
TitleBienestar Subjetivo y psicosocial: Explorando Diferencias de Género (Subjective and Psychosocial Well-Being: Exploring Gender Differences).
SourceSalud & Sociedad, 2012, Vol. 3, 66 - 76
PublicUniversity students, Argentina, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =696

Correlate
Author's labelgender
Page in Source 72-73
Our classificationSex (male vs female)
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionN= 1 : 238 0 : 458

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-u-sq-v-7-aDM=- ns
Males      M = 5,00  SD = 1,22
Females    M = 5,08  SD = 1,25
-difference   -0,08
O-SLC-u-sq-v-7-aDM=+ ns
Males      M = 4,87  SD = 1,21
Females    M = 4,77  SD = 1,31
-difference   +0,10
O-SLu-u-sq-v-7-aDM=+ ns
Males      M = 5,39  SD = 1,12
Females    M = 5,28  SD = 1,33
-difference   +0,11
M-FH-g-sq-v-11-aDM=+ ns
Males      M = 7,11  SD = 1,64
Females    M = 6,96  SD = 1,84
-difference   +0,15
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-acDM=+ ns
Males      M = 3,21  SD = 0,61
Females    M = 3,16  SD = 0,58
-difference   +0,05
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-aDM=- ns
Males      M = 7,69  SD = 1,56
Females    M = 7,87  SD = 1,55
-difference   -0,08


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-g-sq-v-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5 neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy)
4 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
3 mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
2 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
1 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
0 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item, 11 step version
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-acSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 rather happy
2 not too happy
1 not at all happy.
O-SLC-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

The conditions of my life are excellent
1 strongly disagree
2 disagree
3 slightly disagree
4 neither agree, nor disagree
5 slightly agree
6 agree
7 strongly agree

Item in Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

I am satisfied with my life.
1 strongly disagree
2 disagree
3 slightly disagree
4 neither agree, nor disagree
5 slightly agree
6 agree
7 strongly agree

Item in Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)
O-V-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

In most ways my life is close to ideal
1 strongly disagree
2 disagree
3 slightly disagree
4 neither agree, nor disagree
5 slightly agree
6 agree
7 strongly agree

Item in Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl