Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Use of alcohol

StudyDeJonge et al. (2009): study NL 2006
TitleLiving a Happy, Healthy and Satisfying Life.
SourceStatisics Netherlands, 2009, Netherlands
URLHTTP://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/63/3/43705841.pdf
Public12+ aged, The Netherlands, 2006-2009
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =23000

Correlate
Author's labelDrinking
Page in Source 2
Our classificationUse of alcohol
Operationalization
Selfreport of alcohol use
1. Does not drink
2. Drinks moderately
3. Drinks heavily

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=+/-
% happy:
1. 86.1%
2. 91.1%
3. 89.6%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOR=0,5 p < .01
Does not drink (vs drinks moderately

OR controled for other life-style variables
- too little excercise
- smoking
- overweight

OR additionally controlled for:
- age
- self perceived health
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOR=1,0 ns
Drinks heavily (vs drinks moderately)

OR controled for other life-style variables
- too little excercise
- smoking
- overweight

After additionally control for:
- age                 OR = 0,9 (ns)
- self rated health   OR = 0,9 (ns)

OR 0.8 when additionally controled for self 
perceived health
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=+/-
1. 86.7%
2. 89.7%
3. 89.2%
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dOR=0,6 p < .01
Does not drink (vs drinks moderately)

OR controled for other life-style variables
- too little excercise
- smoking
- overweight

After additionally control for:
- age                 OR = 0,6 (01)
- self rated health   OR = 0,7 (01)
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dOR=1.1 ns
Drinks heavily (vs drinks moderately)

OR controled for other life-style variables
- too little excercise
- smoking
- overweight

After additionally control for:
- age                 OR = 1,0 (ns)
- self rated health   OR = 1,0 (ns)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
OROR: Odds ratio in binary logistic regression.

Happiness is a binary or dichotomous variable with Happy =1 and Unhappy=0.

OR < 1 indicates that the odds of being happy-to-being unhappy
decreases by a factor OR when

1) the corresponding metric correlate increases by one unit
2) the corresponding category of a categorical correlate is compared to the reference category.

OR > 1 indicates an increase by a factor OR for both the above cases.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl