Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Earlier support received

StudyCrnic et al. (1984): study US 1981
TitleMaternal Stress and Social Support: Effects on the Mother-Infant Relationship from Birth to Eighteen Months.
SourceAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1984, Vol. 54, 224 - 235
PublicMother-child pairs, followed 18 months after birth, USA, 1981-82
SampleSampling not reported
Non-ResponseAttrition at T2: 10%, at T3: 14%
Respondents N =105

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity support
Page in Source 229
Our classificationEarlier support received
Operationalization
2-item index of closed questions on the quantity of 
support from neighbourhood and community and the 
parent's perceived satisfaction with the support 
avaiable. Satisfaction was rated on a 4-point scale, 
ranging from very satisfied to very dissatisfied 
(adapted scale from Henderson e.a., 1981).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-arpc=+
              Happiness:
              Tl          T2            T3
Support: Tl:  +.35 (01)   +.13 (ns)     0 (ns)
Support: T2:              +.13 (ns)     0 (ns)
Support: T3:                            0 (ns)

rpc controlled for:
1. demographic covariates (age, education,
number of children, receipt of public
assistance, infant birth status (premature
full term));
2. stress
3. intimate support

Tl: child 1 month, 
T2: child 8 months,
T3: child 18 months


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"When you take everything into consideration, your child, your adult life, etc, how would you describe your current life situation.....?'
1 things are very bad right now
2
3
4
5 things are very good
(Response options not fully reported)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl