Study | Palisi & Canning (1986): study US 1974 |

Title | Urbanism and Psychological Well-Being: A Test of Three Theories. |

Source | Sociological Spectrum, 1986, Vol. 6, 361 - 378 |

DOI | DOI: 10.1080/02732173.1986.9981797 |

Public | 18+ aged, general public, USA, 1974-1982 |

Sample | |

Non-Response | |

Respondents N = | 7542 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Urbanism |

Page in Source | 369-370 |

Our classification | Community size |

Operationalization | 1.Rural (with no town of 10000 or more) 2.Other urban counties with towns of 10000 or more 3.Suburbs of the remaining 100 largest Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSA's) 4.Suburbs of the 12 largest SMSA's 5.Central city of the remaining 100 largest SMSA's 6.Central city of the largest SMSA's |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa | r=-.09 p < .01 | 1974 r = -.07 1975 r = -.16 1977 r = -.05 1978 r = -.09 1982 r = -.05 |

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa | E²= .10 | |

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa | rpc=-.06 p < .01 | rpc controlled for income, occupation, educational degree, children, age, marital status, race, sex |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa | Selfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

E² | CORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h² or ETA) Type: test statistic Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric Range: [0; 1] Meaning: correlate is accountable for E² x 100 % of the variation in happiness. E² = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating. E² = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating |

r | PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient') Type: test statistic. Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric Range: [-1; +1] Meaning: r = 0 « no correlation , r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values. |

rpc | PARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT Type: test statistic Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric Range: [-1; +1] Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores. Under that conditions rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating, rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating, |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl