Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Military skill

StudyRyman et al. (1974): study US 1970
TitleReliabilities and Validities of the Mood Questionnaire.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1974, Vol. 35, 479 - 484
PublicNavy recruits, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1140

Correlate
Author's labelAquanaut performance
Page in Source 481
Our classificationMilitary skill
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-ar=-.74 p < .01
Negative correlation!


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 7 questions:

Below is a list of words describing moods and feelings. Indicate how each of these words applies to how you feel now.
A Contented
B Calm
C Happy
D Pleased
E Satisfied
F Cheerful
G Good

Rating options (same for all items):
1 not at all
2 somewhat or slightly
3 mostly or generally

Name: Happiness subscale of Ryman et al (1974) Mood Questionnaire (MQ)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl