Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Military skill

StudyBiersner et al. (1976): study US 1971
TitleMood Scales as Predictors of Discharge and Sick Call Visits during Basic Military Training.
SourceMilitary Medecine, 1976, Vol. 141, 859 - 861
PublicNavy recruits, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1220

Correlate
Author's labelDischarge after basic training
Page in Source 860
Our classificationMilitary skill
Operationalization
Registery data 
1 dismissed
0 stayed
Observed distribution1: 6%
Remarks
Reasons for dismissal: disciplinary action, poor 
academic performance, problems with mental or physical 
health.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-ar=-.07 ns
Sample A, happiness at first assesment
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-ar=-.11 p < .05
Sample A, happiness at second assesment
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-aBeta= ns
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-ar=-.18 p < .01
Sample B, happiness at first assesment
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-ar=-.16 p < .01
Sample B, happiness at second assesment
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-aBeta= ns
Beta's controled for
- activity
- anger
- depression
- fear
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-a
The total sample was split in subsamples A 
(validation) and B (crossvalidation) equaled for 
discharge rates and sick call.

First assessment at first day of training, second 
assessment 3 days later.


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 7 questions:

Below is a list of words describing moods and feelings. Indicate how each of these words applies to how you feel now.
A Contented
B Calm
C Happy
D Pleased
E Satisfied
F Cheerful
G Good

Rating options (same for all items):
1 not at all
2 somewhat or slightly
3 mostly or generally

Name: Happiness subscale of Ryman et al (1974) Mood Questionnaire (MQ)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl