Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P09af

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Author's labelPrefer more militaryinfluence
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P09af
A mean of two items concerning military influence and 
expenditure on the military. Scale: 1.00 = military has 
far too much influence, or U.S. spends far too much, to 
5.00 = military has far too little influence, or U.S. 
spends far too little. Assessed at T3 and T5

Observed Relation with Happiness
                Prefer more military influence
Happiness       T3           T5
T1        tau = +.05 (ns)    +.03 (ns)
T2        tau = +.08 (05)    +.05 (ns)
T3        tau = +.08 (05)    +.02 (ns)
T4        tau = +.08 (05)    +.04 (ns)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 6 questions:

" Describe the kind of person you are. Please read each sentence, then mark how often it is true for you"
1 I feel like smiling
2 I generally feel in good spirits
3 I feel happy
4 I am very satisfied with life
5 I find a good deal of happiness in life
6 I feel sad

Response options:
5 almost always true
4 often true
3 sometimes true
2 seldom true
1 never true

Summation: average
Possible range: 1 to 5

Appendix 2: Statistics used
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

tau = 0 knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.