Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Sex (male vs female)

StudyReig Ferrer et al. (2001): study ES Alicante, Comunidad Valenciana 2000
TitleLa Calidad de Vida y el Estado de Salud de los estudiantes universitarios (Quality of life and health status of university students).
SourceUniversity of Alicante, 2001, Alicante, Spain
PublicUniversity students, Alicante, Spain. 2000.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =527

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSex (male vs female)
Operationalization
0 Female
1 Male
Observed distribution1: 43%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-dDM=+ ns
Female      M = 3.92
Male        M = 4.06
- difference   +0.14


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Generally, would you say your quality of life is?
1 very bad
2 bad
3 neither bad nor good
4 good
5 very good


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl