Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Earlier residential mobility

StudyMartin & Lichter (1983): study US Michigan 1973
TitleGeographic Mobility and Satisfaction with Life and Work.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1983, Vol. 64, 524 - 534
Public16+ aged, employees, Michigan/US, followed 4 years, 1973-1977
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response(43%)
Respondents N =827

Correlate
Author's labelMigration
Page in Source 529, 531
Our classificationEarlier residential mobility
Operationalization
1: Movers (moved between T1 and T2)
0: Non-movers  (not moved between T1 and T2)
Remarks
T1:1973; T2:1977

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-7-dDM=+ ns
              T1: 1973    T2:1977    Diff.
Movers:       3.58        3.34       -.24
Non-movers:   3.50        3.27       -.23
difference:   +.08        +.07
O-Sum-c-mq-v-7-dBeta=+.02 ns
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 moving, 
controlling T1 happiness.

Beta addtionally controlled for:
- T1 income 
- T1 age
- T1 education
- T1-T2 change in perceived intrinsic job rewards
- T1-T2 change in perceived extrinsic job rewards


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-Sum-c-mq-v-7-dSelf-report on 2 questions:

A) Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are:
1: not too happy
2: pretty happy
3: very happy

B) In general, how satisfying do you find the ways you're spending your life these days? Would you call it:
1: not very satisfying
2: pretty satisfying
3: very satisfying

Computation: A+B


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl