Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Earlier work-attitudes

StudyMartin & Lichter (1983): study US Michigan 1973
TitleGeographic Mobility and Satisfaction with Life and Work.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1983, Vol. 64, 524 - 534
Public16+ aged, employees, Michigan/US, followed 4 years, 1973-1977
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response(43%)
Respondents N =827

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived intrinsic job rewards
Page in Source 528,529, 531
Our classificationEarlier work-attitudes
Operationalization
Self-report on five statements:
How true is each statement for your job?
A) The work is interesting
b) I have an opportunity to develop my special 
abilities
c) I can see the results of my work
d) I am given the chance to do the things I do best
e) I am given a lot of freedom to decide how I do my 
work
f) The problems I am expected to solve are hard enough

1. Not at all true
2. Not too true
3. Undefined
4. Somewhat true
Remarks
Assessed at T1 (1973) and T2 (1977)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-7-dBeta=+.06 ns
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in 
perceived intrinsic job rewards (T2 happiness by 
T1-T2 change in perceived intrinsic job rewards, 
controlling for T1 happiness).



Beta additionally controlled for:
- T1-T2 residential moving
- T1 income
- T1 age
- T1 education
- T1-T2 change in intrinsic job rewards


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-Sum-c-mq-v-7-dSelf-report on two questions:

A) Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are:
1: not too happy
2: pretty happy
3: very happy

B) In general, how satisfying do you find the ways you're spending your life these days? Would you call it:
1: not very satisfying
2: pretty satisfying
3: very satisfying

Computation: A+B


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl