Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Mental health in nation

StudyBray & Gunnell (2006): study ZZ 1999
TitleSuicide Rates, Life Satisfaction and Happiness as Markers for Population Mental Health.
SourceSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2006, Vol. 41, 333 - 337
DOIDOI:10.1007/s00127-0049-z
PublicAdults,, general public, Europe, Multiple nations, 1999
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34 %
Respondents N =32678

Correlate
Author's labelMental Health Prevalence rate
Page in Source 335
Our classificationMental health in nation
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions:
How much of  the time...
1. were you a happy person
2. have you felt calm and peaceful 
3. have you been a vervous person
4. have you felt downhearted and blue
5. have you felt so down in the dumps that nothing 
could chear you up
Remarks
Mental Health Index MHI-5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ars=-.52
AVERAGE Happiness by Mental Health Prevelence in 
16 nation
CI95 [-0.81,-0.03]
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ars=-.55
CI95 [-0.83, -0.05]


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 no rank correlation
rs = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl