Study | VanBeuningen et al. (2014): study NL 2012 |

Title | Measuring Well-Being. An Analysis of Different Response Scales. |

Source | Discussion Paper 2014/03,, Statistics Netherlands, 2014, The Hague, The Netherlands |

Public | 18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2012 |

Sample | Probability area sample |

Non-Response | |

Respondents N = | 5556 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Happy on different scale types |

Page in Source | 13,14 |

Our classification | O-HL by O-HL |

Operationalization | Answers to same question on happiness: To what extend do you consider yourself a happy person? Responses scored on 3 different scales: A: 10 step numerical scale 1: completely unhappy : 10: completely happy B: 11 step numerical scale 0: completely unhappy : 10: completely happy C: 11 step numerical scale with midpoint 0: completely unhappy : 5: neither unhappy or happy : 10: completely happy |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

O-HP-u-sq-n-10-b | D%= | % happy (score 7 or more) - on scale A: 87% |

O-HP-u-sq-n-11-ca | D%= | - on scale B: 87% |

O-HP-u-sq-n-11-cb | D%= | - on scale C: 85% No significant difference in % happy on scales A,B and C |

O-HP-u-sq-n-10-b | DM= | Average scores - on scale A: 7.8 |

O-HP-u-sq-n-11-ca | DM= | - on scale B: 7.7 |

O-SLL-c-sq-n-11-ab | - on scale C: overflow! No significant difference in average on scale A, B and C Scale C takes slightly more reaction time, and is judged least easy by respondents |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

O-HP-u-sq-n-10-b | Selfreport on single question: To what extent do you consider yourself as a happy person? 1 completely unhappy 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 completely happy |

O-HP-u-sq-n-11-ca | Selfreport on single question: To what extent do you consider yourself to be a happy person? 0 completely unhappy 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 completely happy |

O-HP-u-sq-n-11-cb | Selfreport on single question: To what extent do you consider yourself to be a happy person? 0 completely unhappy 1 2 3 4 5 neither unhappy, nor happy 6 7 8 9 10 completely happy |

O-SLL-c-sq-n-11-ab | Selfreport on single question: How satisfied are you with the life you lead at the moment? 0 completely dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 neither dissatisfied nor satisfied 6 7 8 9 10 completely satisfied |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

D% | DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES Type: descriptive statistic only. Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous Range: [-100; +100] Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels. |

DM | DIFFERENCE of MEANS Type: descriptive statistic only. Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero. Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels. |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl