Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: O-HL by O-HL

StudyVanBeuningen et al. (2014): study NL 2012
TitleMeasuring Well-Being. An Analysis of Different Response Scales.
SourceDiscussion Paper 2014/03,, Statistics Netherlands, 2014, The Hague, The Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2012
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5556

Correlate
Author's labelHappy on different scale types
Page in Source 13,14
Our classificationO-HL by O-HL
Operationalization
Answers to same question on happiness:  
To what extend do you consider yourself a happy person?
Responses scored on 3 different scales:
A: 10 step numerical scale
        1: completely unhappy
          :
     10: completely happy
B: 11 step numerical scale
       0: completely unhappy
         :
     10: completely happy
C: 11 step numerical scale with midpoint
       0: completely unhappy
         :
       5: neither unhappy or happy
          :
     10: completely happy

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-bD%=
% happy (score 7 or more)
- on scale A: 87%
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-caD%=
- on scale B: 87%
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-cbD%=
- on scale C: 85%

No significant difference in % happy on scales A,B 
and C
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-bDM=
Average scores
- on scale A: 7.8
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-caDM=
- on scale B: 7.7
O-SLL-c-sq-n-11-ab
- on scale C: overflow!

No significant difference in average on scale A, B 
and C

Scale C takes slightly more reaction time, and is 
judged least easy by respondents


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent do you consider yourself as a happy person?
1 completely unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

To what extent do you consider yourself to be a happy person?
0 completely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-cbSelfreport on single question:

To what extent do you consider yourself to be a happy person?
0 completely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5 neither unhappy, nor happy
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy
O-SLL-c-sq-n-11-abSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you lead at the moment?
0 completely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5 neither dissatisfied nor satisfied
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl