Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Entrepreneur

StudySabatini (2011): study IT 2008
TitleCan a Click buy a Little Happiness? The Impact of Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce on Subjective Well-Being.
SourceMPRA Paper no. 32393, 2011, München, Germany
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/eei/rpaper/eeri_rp_2011_12.html
PublicGeneral public, Italy, 2008
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4130

Correlate
Author's labelWork status
Page in Source Table 1 & Table 2
Our classificationEntrepreneur
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about occupation now 
(full text not reported)
a. Blue-collar worker
b. White-collar worker
c. Teacher
d. Manager, official
e. Member of professions
f. Entrepreneur
g. Owner of member of family business
h. Working shareholder, partner
Observed distributiona: M = .15; SD = .36; b: M = .11; SD = .31; c: M = .02; SD = .14; d: M = .02; SD = .15 e: M = .02; SD = .13; f: M = .01; SD = .10; g: M = .01; SD = .09; h: M = .01; SD = .08

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.02 ns
Blue-collar worker                 (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.04 ns
White-collar worker                (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.06 ns
Teacher                            (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.01 ns
Manager, official                  (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.09 p < .1
Member of professions              (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.22 p < .01
Entrepreneur                       (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.04 ns
Owner of member of family business (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.15 ns
Working shareholder, partner       (vs other)

B's controlled for:
-E-shopping
-Social background
 -Gender
 -Marital status
 -Age
 -Health condition
 -Education 
-Income position
 -Ownership of the house of residence
 -Household income
 -Mortgage loan 
-Neighbourhood 
 -CO2 emissions
 -Public parks and gardens
 -Environmental crimes
 -Social assistance
 -Cultural supply
 -Micro-criminality
 -Dirtiness of the local area
 -Regional poverty
 -Noise in the local area


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together on a scale of one to 10, how happy would you say you are? Here one means you are very unhappy and 10 means you are very happy
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl