Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: House owned or rented

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /1
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelOwn home-EC
Our classificationHouse owned or rented
Operationalization
Direct question: "Does the house/flat you live in, 
belong to you, do you rent the place or does it belong 
to someone you live with? (order reversed)
1 Living with owner
2 Rented from organization
3 Rented from community
4 Own home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDMt=+
Own home           Mt'=  7.44
Rent/community     Mt'=  7.00
Rent/organization  Mt'=  6.67
Live with owner    Mt'=  6.78
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06
EC

O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDMt=+
EC (stratified sample)
Own home          Mt' = 6.89
Rent/community    Mt' = 6.67
Rent/organization Mt' = 6.33
Live with owner   Mt' = 6.33
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=
In none of the european countries,  weights of 
this variable reached .10 level in multiple 
regression analysis, when controlling for:
- life satisfaction (O-HL)
- affect (A-AB)
- satisfaction with
  - income
  - health
  - family life;
- age
- income
- sexe
- marital status
- having children
- work
- urbanisation
- type of dwelling
- religiousness
- social participation
- uncertainty about future
- expected negative changes in income
- satisfaction 5 years in past and future
- tolerance
- loneliness
- misantropy
- hopeless about life
- sense of control.


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl