Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Mental health in nation

StudyBray & Gunnell (2006): study ZZ 1999
TitleSuicide Rates, Life Satisfaction and Happiness as Markers for Population Mental Health.
SourceSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2006, Vol. 41, 333 - 337
DOIDOI:10.1007/s00127-0049-z
PublicAdults,, general public, Europe, Multiple nations, 1999
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34 %
Respondents N =32678

Correlate
Author's labelMental Disorder rate
Page in Source 335
Our classificationMental health in nation
Operationalization
Index of :
a.  prescribing rate of anti-depressants
b. self-harm
c. psychiatric service activity data
d.suicide rates
Remarks
Suicide rate are calculated from the WHO Mortality 
Database for 1999 
rates of hospital discharges for mental and behavioural 
disorders are available from the WHO Reginal Office for 
Europe for 21 of the EVS coutries for 1999

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ars=-.18
AVERAGE happines by rate of mental disorders in 12 
nations
CI95  [0.59, 0.56]
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ars=-.18
CI95 [0.59, 0.56]


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 no rank correlation
rs = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl