Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Level of school-education

StudySeik (2000): study SG 1998
TitleSubjective Assessment of Urban Quality of Life in Singapore (1997-1998).
SourceHabitat International, 2000, Vol. 24, 31 - 49
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0197397599000260
DOIdoi:10.1016/S0197-3975(99)00026-0
Public15+ aged, Singapore,1998
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2200

Correlate
Author's labelHighest level of education attained
Page in Source 44
Our classificationLevel of school-education
Operationalization
1. Primary school
2. O level/ technical diploma
3. A level / polytechnic
4. University and above
Observed distributionN= 1: 362, 2: 837, 3: 563, 4: 368

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-mq-v-5-aDM=+ p < .000
Primary school             M = 3,44
O level/ technical diploma M = 3,55
A level / polytechnic      M = 3,58
University and above       M = 3,63


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on two questions:

A: At this present moment, how do you feel about your life as a whole?

B: Taking all the aspects of life above into consideration, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole at present?

Each rated
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied

Computation:( A+B )/2


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl