Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Satisfaction with personal contacts

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwan, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelSocial relationships sumscore
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationSatisfaction with personal contacts
Operationalization
Selfreport on 3 questions about social relationships : 
A  Relations
B  Sex
C  Social support

Each rated on 1-5 scale, both for degree and for 
perceived 
importance

Summartion: (A+B+C)/3
Error EstimatesCronbach: raw score: .54, weighted score: .54

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.39 p < .01
raw sum score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.40 p < .01
weighted sum score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bb=+.06 ns
raw sum score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bb=+.18 ns
weighed sum score

b's controled for
- physical health
- environmental health
- mental health


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life just now?
5 excellent
4 good
3 neither good nor bad
2 bad
1 very bad


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl