Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Local physical climate

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwan, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelEnvironment
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationLocal physical climate
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How healthy is your physical environment?
1  Not at all
2  A little
3  Moderate amount
4  Very much
5  An extreme amount
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Full questions not reported in this paper. 
Question on environment taken from WHOQOL-Bref. 
Question on importance figured in the full 
WHOQOL questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.21 p < .05
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.19 p < .05
score weighted by perceived importance


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life just now?
5 excellent
4 good
3 neither good nor bad
2 bad
1 very bad


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl