Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Current religious denomination

StudyLuttmer (2005): study US 1987
TitleNeighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being.
SourceQuarterly Journal of Economics, 2005, 963-1002
URLhttp://www.nber.org/~luttmer/relative.pdf
Public19+ aged couples, United States, followed 6 years, 1987-1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8944

Correlate
Author's labelreligion
Page in Source Table 1
Our classificationCurrent religious denomination
Operationalization
Religion of the individual:
a) Catholic (reference group)
b) No religion
c) Jewish
d) Baptist
e) Episcopalian
f) Lutheran
g) Methodist
h) Mormon
i) Presbyterian
j) Congretional
k) Protestant, no denomination
l) Other Christian
m) Other religions/missing
Observed distributiona:24%, b:8%, c:2%, d:24%, e:2%, f:5%, g:10%, h:2%, i:3%, j:2%, k:4%, l: 11%, m:2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.17 p < .05
No religion (vs. catholic)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.29 p < .05
Jewish (vs. catholic)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.11
Baptist (vs. catholic)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.09 ns
Episcopalian (vs. catholic)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.01 ns
Lutheran (vs. catholic)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.04 ns
Methodist (vs. catholic)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.04 ns
Mormon (vs. catholic)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.02 ns
Presbyterian (vs. catholic)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.02 ns
Congregational (vs. catholic)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.05 ns
Protestant, no denomination (vs. catholic)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.10 p < .05
Other Christian (vs. catholic)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=+.05 ns
Other religions/missing (vs. catholic)
 
Beta controlled for:
- Income relative to neighborhood
- Household income
- Value of home
- Renter
- Usual working hours
- Employment status
- Gender
- Age
- Race
- Years of education
- Household size


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Next are some questions about how you see yourself and your life. Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days?
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl