Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Intrinsic motivation

StudyVandeVliert & Janssen (2002): study ZZ 1986
Title''Better Than'' Performances Motives as Roots of Satisfaction across More and Less Developed Countries.
SourceJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2002, Vol. 33, 380 - 397
DOIdoi:10.1177/00222102033004002
PublicStudents, 42 countries, 2002
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =14000

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-referenced performance motives (intrinsic motives)
Page in Source 385-388
Our classificationIntrinsic motivation
Operationalization
Self-reports on three questions:
A. If I am not good at something, I would rather keep 
struggling to master it than move on to something I may 
be good at.
B. I would rather do something at which I feel 
confident and relaxed than something which is 
challenging and difficult (reversed scoring).
C. I more often attempt tasks that I am not sure I can 
do than tasks I believe I can do.

Average scores of students were used to estimate 
self-referenced motivation at national levels in 42 
nations.
Observed distributionMales: M=19,25; SD=4,23 Females: M: 18,79; SD=4,16
Remarks
Average ambition in 42 nations.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---sq-vt-11-ar=+.26 ns
Average happines by average intrinsic motivation

Stronger in developed countries


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-Sum---sq-vt-11-aSelfreport on single questions:

This measure of average happiness in nations combines responses to different questions on happiness and life-satisfaction rated on different scales. Precise items and rating scales differ per nation. Average scores per nation were transformed afterwards to a common 0-10 scale.

Name: Diener's SWB-score of nations


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl