Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Materialisic values

StudyKasser & Ahuvia (2002): study SG 2000
TitleMaterialistic Values and Well-being in Business Students.
SourceEuropean Journal of Social Psychology, 2002, Vol. 32, 137 - 146
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejsp.85/abstract
DOIDoi: 10.1002/ejsp.85
PublicBusiness students, Singapore, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =92

Correlate
Author's labelTotal materialism
Page in Source 142
Our classificationMaterialisic values
Operationalization
A: 57-item Aspiration Index( Kasser& Ryan, 2001)
B: 21-item Materialism Scale (Ger &Belk,1996)
C: 18-item Materialism Scale (Richins& Dawson,1992)
Computation:A+B+C
Remarks
The three measures( Aspiration Index, Ger and Belk's, 
and Richins and Dawson's measures)  each tap some 
element of an extrinsic, materialistic value 
orientation, as a higher-order factor analysis of the 
three scores yielded one factor (Eigenvalue 1.82) 
accounting for 60.7% of the variance. All three 
materialism variables loaded above 0.70 on this factor. 
Using scores from each of the three scales, it is 
computed a summary Materialism score by standardizing 
and then averaging scores from the Aspiration Index, 
Ger and Belk's, and Richins and Dawson's measures.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=-.24 p < .05
A-TH-cw-mq-th%-101-ar=-.15 ns
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abr=+.22 p < .05


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-aSelfreport on single question:

How high or low is your level of wellbeing?
0 extremely low, utterly depressed, completely down
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 extremely high, feeling extatic joyous, fantastic

Adapted Fordyce Happiness Scale
A-TH-cw-mq-th%-101-aSelfreport on three questions:

In the last week, what percentage of the time do you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%)
1 happy
2 unhappy
3 neutral

Name: Fordyce % happy scale
Variant: % happy in last week
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abSelfreport on three questions:

'On the average, what percentage of the time d you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%)
1 happy
2 unhappy
3 neutral

Name: Fordyce % happy scale
Variant: % unhappy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl