Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Current intimate relationships

StudyRutledge (1990): study US Illinois 1981
TitleBlack Parent-Child Relations: Some Correlates.
SourceJournal of Comparative Family Studies, 1990, Vol. 21, 369 - 378
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/41602092?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
PublicFemale black students, Illinois, United States of America, 1981
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =219

Correlate
Author's labelParental relationship
Page in Source 374
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships
Operationalization
Single questions. Self report on "What kind of 
relationship did you have with your mother/father now"
Rated:
1. not close at all
2. moderately close
3. cosiderably close
Observed distribution1 = 91 %, 2 = 8 %, 3 = 1 %
Remarks
Distribution in 210 women with valid data available on 
both question on maternal relationship and question on 
happiness.
Reported phrasing of respons options in text differs 
from wording in table.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-?-sq-v-3-bG=+.30 p < .20
Maternal
O-HL-?-sq-v-3-bG=+.32 p < .01
Paternal


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-?-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question

.. General happiness.. (full text not reported)
1 unhappy
2 moderately happy
3 very happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl