Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Level of school-education

StudyMujcic & Oswald (2016): study AU 2007
TitleEvolution of Well-Being and Happiness After Increases in Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables.
SourceAmerican Journal of Public Health, 2016, Vol 106, 1504 - 1510
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27400354
DOIdoi: 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303260.
Public18+ aged general public, Australia, followed 3 years 2007-2009
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12385

Correlate
Author's labelEducation
Page in Source table 1
Our classificationLevel of school-education
Operationalization
7  master or doctorate
6  bachelor or honors
5  graduate
4  advanced diplom
3  professional qualification
2  year 12 highschool
1   year 11 and less (reference)
Observed distribution1: 30%, 2: 15%, 3: 22%, 4: 9%, 5:6%, 6: 14:, 7: 4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-db-fix=- ns
Master’s or doctorate  –.32 CI95 [–.87, +.23]
Bachelor’s or honors   –.05 CI95 [–.46, +.36]
Graduate diploma       –.17 CI95 [–.51, +.17]
Advanced diploma       –.10 CI95 [–.47, +.27]
Professional qual.     -.02 CI95 [–.31, +.27]
Year 12 high school    –.20 CI95 [-.40, +.00]

b-fix controled for:
- CHANGE daily consumption of fruits and 
vegetables
- CURRENT
  - socio-demographics
    - income
    - marital status
    - employment
  - long-term health condition
  - number of young children

Unaffected by additional control for:
- health behavior
- BMI


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?
Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are.
0 totally dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 totally satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
b-fixREGRESSION COEFICIENT in fixed effects analysis
Type: test statistic
WDH symbol: b-fix
Primary correlate level: metric
Secondary correlate level: nonmetric
Happiness level: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited
Meaning:
Variant of usual (non-standardized) regression coefficient (b), which controls for the secondary variables, by focusing on differences from a fixed level, such as the mean in a category. Aims to reduce the residual variance and to improve the precision of the regression coefficient.

References:
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed_effects_model
Non-technical text: http://www.jblumenstock.com/files/courses/econ174/FEModels.pdf
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl