Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Ethnic status in Britain

StudyGschwandtner et al. (2015): study GB 2012
TitleOn the Relationship between Lifestyle and Happiness in the UK.
SourcePaper for 89th Annual Conference of AES, 2015, 1 - 33, Warwick, England
URLhttp://econpapers.repec.org/paper/agsaesc15/204199.htm
Public16+ aged, general public UK, 2012
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =31946

Correlate
Author's labelEthnicity
Page in Source 12, 14
Our classificationEthnic status in Britain
Operationalization
a: White  (reference)
b: Black
c: Asian
d: Mixed/other
Observed distributiona: males 85%. females 85% b: males 3%. females 4% c: males 9%. females 8% d: males 2%. females 8 3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=- ns
Black                       (vs White)
- males   b = -.05 (ns)
- females b = -.09 (ns)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb= p < .05
Asian                       (vs White)
- males   b = -.14 (05)
- females b = -.11 (05)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-
Other/mixed                  vs White)
- males   b = -.15 (ns)
- females b = -.24 (01)


b's controled for:
- age
- socio-economic backgroud (parents education) 
- own education
- marital status
- age of youngest child
- employment status
- region
- health behavior
  - daily consumption of fruits and vegetables
  - days walk
  - sporting


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport on single question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl