Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Full-time vs part-time

StudyGschwandtner et al. (2015): study GB 2012
TitleOn the Relationship between Lifestyle and Happiness in the UK.
SourcePaper for 89th Annual Conference of AES, 2015, 1 - 33, Warwick, England
URLhttp://econpapers.repec.org/paper/agsaesc15/204199.htm
Public16+ aged, general public UK, 2012
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =31946

Correlate
Author's labelJob status
Page in Source 12, 14
Our classificationFull-time vs part-time
Operationalization
a: full-time employed (reference)
b: part-time employed
c: unemployed
d. retired
e: family care
f: in education
g: sick/disabled
Observed distributiona: males 53%, females 31% b: males 7%, females 20% c: males 7%, females 5% d: males 23%, females 23% e: males 1%, females 12% f: males 5%, females 5% g: males 4%, females 3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-/+ s
Part-time employed  (vs full-time employed)
- males   -.03 (ns)
- females +.09 (01)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=- p < .01
Unemployed            (vs full-time employed)
- males    -.61 (01)
- females  -.39 (01)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+ s
Retired              (vs full-time employed)
- males    +.10 (01)
- females  +.27 (01)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb-fix=-
Family care          (vs full-time employed)
- males    -.47 (01)
- females  -.04 (ns)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+ s
In education         (vs full-time employed)
- males    +.23 (01)
- females  +.14 (05)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb-fix=-
Sick/disabled        (vs full-time employed)
- males    -1.3 (01)
- females  -1.4 (01)
b's controled for:
- age
- socio-economic backgroud (parents education) 
- own education
- marital status
- age of youngest child
- ethnicity
- region
- health behavior
  - daily consumption of fruits and vegetables
  - days walk
  - sporting


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport on single question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
b-fixREGRESSION COEFICIENT in fixed effects analysis
Type: test statistic
WDH symbol: b-fix
Primary correlate level: metric
Secondary correlate level: nonmetric
Happiness level: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited
Meaning:
Variant of usual (non-standardized) regression coefficient (b), which controls for the secondary variables, by focusing on differences from a fixed level, such as the mean in a category. Aims to reduce the residual variance and to improve the precision of the regression coefficient.

References:
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed_effects_model
Non-technical text: http://www.jblumenstock.com/files/courses/econ174/FEModels.pdf
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl