Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Married vs never married

StudyKnupfer et al. (1966): study US San Francisco, California 1964
TitleThe Mental Health of the Unmarried.
SourceThe American Journal of Psychiatry, 1966, Vol. 122, 841 -851
URLhttp://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/abs/10.1176/ajp.122.8.841
Public23+ aged, general public, San Francisco, USA, 1964
Sample
Non-Response29% incomplete.
Respondents N =979

Correlate
Author's labelMarried
Page in Source 844
Our classificationMarried vs never married
Operationalization
0 Never married
1 Married

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-2-aG= p < .01
Males          G' = +.36 (01)
              _b' = +.13 (01)
Females        G' = -.40 (01)
              _b  = -.13 (01)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-TH-g-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

" Most of the time I feel happy"
2 true
1 false


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl