Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Socio-economic background (earlier for adults, current for young)

StudyGschwandtner et al. (2015): study GB 2012
TitleOn the Relationship between Lifestyle and Happiness in the UK.
SourcePaper for 89th Annual Conference of AES, 2015, 1 - 33, Warwick, England
URLhttp://econpapers.repec.org/paper/agsaesc15/204199.htm
Public16+ aged, general public UK, 2012
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =31946

Correlate
Author's labelParents occupation
Page in Source 12, 15
Our classificationSocio-economic background (earlier for adults, current for young)
Operationalization
Parents occupation at age 14
a: professional (reference
b: not working
c: managers and semi-professionals
d: associate professional and technical
e: administrative and secretarial
f: skilled trades
g: personal services
h: sales and customer service
i:  process, plant and machine operators
j:  elementary
k: deceased, not present
Observed distributiona: males 13%, females 13% b males 07%, females 08% c: males 13%, females 13% d: males 8%, females 8% e: males 9%, females 9% f: males 21%, females 21% h: males 3%, females 4% i: males 3%, females 4% j: males 8%, females 8% k: males 1%, females 1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=- s
Not working                 (vs professional)
- males    -.21 (01)
- females  -.11 (10)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb= ns
Managers and semi-profs     (vs professional)
- males    -.03 (ns)
- females  -.04 (nsd)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=- ns
Associate prof and technical (vs professional
- males    -.01 (ns)
- females  -.02 (ns)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+/- ns
Administrative, secretarial (vs professional)
- males    +.03 (ns)
- females  -.04 (10)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=- ns
Personal services           (vs professional)
- males    -.00 (ns)
- females  -.02 (ns)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=- ns
Sales, custumer services   (vs professional)
- males    -.00 (ns)
- females  -.03 (ns)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=- ns
Proces, machine operatives  (vs professional)
- males    -.05 (ns)
- females  -.02 (ns)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=
Elementary                  (vs professional)
- males    -.02 (ns)
- females  -.05 (ns)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=- ns
Parents deceased/not present (vs professional
- males    -.03 (ns)
- females  -.04 (ns)

b's controled for:
- age
- own education
- household income
- marital status
- employment status
- ethnicity
- region
- health behavior
  - daily consumption of fruits and vegetables
  - days walk
  - sporting


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport on single question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl