Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Multiple sorts

StudyFeicht et al. (2013): study DE 2012
TitleEvaluation of a Seven-Week Web-Based Happiness Training to Improve Psychological Well-Being, Reduce Stress, and Enhance Mindfulness and Flourishing: A Randomized Controlled Occupational Health Study.
SourceEvidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013, No. 676953, 1 - 14
URLhttp://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2013/676953/
PublicParticipants happiness training and controls, , 2012, followed 12 weeks, Germany
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness training
Page in Source 2,7
Our classificationMultiple sorts
Operationalization
7-week online training:
WK 1:BASIC PRINCIPLES
A How do you feel? Check your state of mind.
B What hindered you in the past from being happy?
C Write a happiness-diary. Note 3 things that made you 
happy today.
Wk 2: JOY OF COMMUNITY
A Get somebody's contact in a way that is comfortable 
for you.
B Identify your best friends and meet them this week.
C Write a thank-you letter.
WK 3: JOY OF LUCK
A Tell 3 people your wishes.
B Rejoice somebody by doing an nexpected favor.
C Let fortuity decide to do something new and give 
facvorable opportunities a chance
WK 4: JOY OF PLEAUSURE
A Eat a meal mindfully.
B Be mindful and capture happy moments with your 
camera.
C Challenge yourself with exercise/sports.
WK 5: JOY OF FLOW
A Identify your strenght.
B Use them in e new way.
WK6: JOY OF BLISS/BEAUTY
A Give little presents to make somebody happy.
B Write a gratitude-diary and note 3 things a day you 
are thankful for.
C Enjoy 10 minutes of silence every day.
WK 7: FINAL
A Detect your favorite happiness excercises.
B Be a happiness messenger and tell your favorite 
excercises to other people.
C Reward yourself for your happiness-work during the 
last week and give yourself a treat.

T0: Before the training
T1: Directly after the training
T2: 4 weeks after the training
Remarks
 http://www.glueck-kommt-selten-allein.de

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-m-sq-f-6-aDM=+ p < .01
   Experimental  Control group Difference
T0     3,76           3,81         -0,05
T1     4,52           3,38         +1,14
T2     4,35           3,23         +1,12

T1-T0 +0,76          -0,43         +1,19
T2-T0 +0,59          -0,58         +1,17
M-FH-m-sq-f-6-bDM=+ p < .01
   Experimental  Control group Difference
T0     3,80           3,68         +0,12
T1     4,54           3,19         +1,36
T2     4,54           3,30         +1,24

T1-T0 +0,74          -0,43         +1,17
T2-T0 +0,74          -0,53         +1,27
O-HL-m-sq-f-6-aD%sr=+
CHANGE              T1-T0          T2-T0

Experimental        +15,2%         +11,8%  
Control             - 8,6%         -11,6%
-difference         +23,8%         +23,4%
M-FH-m-sq-f-6-bD%sr=+
CHANGE              T1-T0          T2-T0

Experimental        +14,8%         +14,8%  
Control             - 8,6%         -10,6%
-difference         +23,4%         +25,4%


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-m-sq-f-6-bSelfreport on single question

How satisfied are you right now?
1 very unhappy face
2
3
4
5
6 very happy face
O-HL-m-sq-f-6-aSelfreport on sigle question:

How happy are you right now?
6 happy face
5
4
3
2
1 unhappy face


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%srDIFFERENCE in % of SCALE RANGE
Scale range = highest theoretical value minus lowest theoretical value
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl