Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Current area of residence

StudyBonikowska et al. (2013): study CA 2003 /1
TitleAn Assessment of Life Satisfaction Responses on Recent Statistics Canada Surveys.
SourceAnalytical Studies Research Papers Series, 2013, No. 351, Ontario, Canada
URLhttp://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11f0019m/2013351/part-partie1-eng.htm
Public15+ aged, general public, Canada, 2003-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =20000

Correlate
Author's labelUrban/rural area
Page in Source 24-26
Our classificationCurrent area of residence
Operationalization
a Toronto (refrence)
b Montreal
c Vancouver
d Other metropolitan area
e Other urban area
f   Rural area

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-jb=+
Montreal (vs. Toronto)

       b      p<
2003  +.05    ns
2005  +.10    ns
2006  +.19   .01
2008  +.07    ns
2009  +.08    ns
2010  +.07    ns
2011  +.03    ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-jb=+/-
Vancouver (vs. Toronto)

       b      p<
2003  -.06    ns
2005  +.04    ns
2006  +.10    ns
2008  +.11    ns
2009  +.16    ns
2010  +.08    ns
2011  +.06    ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-jb=+
Other metropolitan area (vs. Toronto)

       b      p<
2003  +.10   .05
2005  +.12   .05
2006  +.21   .001
2008  +.08    ns
2009  +.11   .05
2010  +.16   .01
2011  +.12   .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-jb=+
Other urban area (vs. Toronto)

       b      p<
2003  +.20   .001
2005  +.17   .01
2006  +.27   .001
2008  +.17   .01
2009  +.26   .001
2010  +.29   .001
2011  +.14   .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-jb=+
Rural area (vs. Toronto)

       b      p<
2003  +.26   .001
2005  +.20   .001
2006  +.36   .001
2008  +.22   .001
2009  +.30   .001
2010  +.28   .001
2011  +.22   .001

b's controlled for:
- sex
- age
- marital status
- number of children
- education
- immigrant
- employment status
- household income
- household size
- homeownership
- selfreported health
- geographical region


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-jSelf rating on single question:

Please rate your feelings about .. Using this 1 to 10 scale
.. Your life as a whole right now
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl