Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Ever lived as married

StudyNewcomb (1986): study US
TitleCohabitation, Marriage and Divorce among Adolescents and Young Adults
SourceJournal of Social and Personal Relationships 1986, Vol. 3, 473 - 494
URLhttp://spr.sagepub.com/content/3/4/473
DOIdoi: 10.1177/0265407586034005
Public19-24 aged Adolescents and young adults, USA 1986
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =739

Correlate
Author's labelpremarital co-habtation
Page in Source 486
Our classificationEver lived as married
Operationalization
1 cohabitated
0 non-cohabitated

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-?-sq-?-0-arpb=+.03 ns
Males all
M-PL-?-sq-?-0-arpb=-.08 p < .05
Females all
O-SL?-g-sq-?-0-arpb=-.08 ns
Males all
O-SL?-g-sq-?-0-arpb=-.07 ns
Femles all
M-PL-?-sq-?-0-arpb=+.3 ns
males, married
M-PL-?-sq-?-0-arpb=-.16 p < .05
females, married
O-SL?-g-sq-?-0-arpb=-.07 ns
males, married
O-SL?-g-sq-?-0-arpb=-.12 ns
females, married


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-PL-?-sq-?-0-aSelfreport on single question:

Happy with enjoyment of life (full text not reported)

Scale not reported, assumed 4 step
O-SL?-g-sq-?-0-aSelfreport on single question:

satisfaction about life in general (full text not reported)

Scale not reported


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rpbPOINT BISERIAL COEFFICIENT of CORRELATION
Type: descriptive statistic only
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: The point bi-serial coefficient of correlation is the Pearson's coefficient correlation which is obtained if the correlate is an "indicator variable", i.e. a variable which only adopts the values 0 and 1.
rpb = 0 no correlation established
rpb = 1 at correlate level 1 only higher happiness ratings and at correlate level 0 only lower happiness ratings
rpb = -1 at correlate level 1 only lower happiness ratings and at correlate level 0 only higher happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl