Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Economic growth/decline in region

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1981
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
PublicAdults, general public, Norway, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1521

Correlate
Author's labelEconomic level of the county
Page in Source 411
Our classificationEconomic growth/decline in region
Operationalization
Factor loading highly on:
- mean taxable income
- inequality of taxable income
- electoral support for Conservative
  Party
- electoral support for Progress Party 
The capital and the area surrounding it (Oslo and 
akershus) and some of the western counties have 
relatively high scores. The county with the highest 
score on this dimension, Rogaland, has by far the 
greatest income inequality in Norway, and it comes 
thirds in terms of average income.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.12
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, number of friends, occupationally 
active, marital status, degree of urbanization.  


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

".......satisfaction with life-as-a-whole......"
(Full question not reported.)
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 very satisfied
4 extremely satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl