Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: House owned or rented

StudyHerbers & Mulder (2017): study ZZ Europe 2012
TitleHousing and Subjective Well-Being of Older Adults in Europe.
SourceJournal of Housing and the Built Environment, 2017, Vol. 32, 533 - 558
URLhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10901-016-9526-1
Public50+ aged, general public, 16 European nations, 2012
SampleSelection from general population sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =36015

Correlate
Author's labelHousing tenure
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationHouse owned or rented
Operationalization
a Homeowner (reference)
b Homeowner with mortgage
c Homeowner, mortgage status unknown
d Renter
e Other tenure

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cb=-.17 p < .01
homeowner with mortgage            (vs. homeowner 
without mortgage)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cb=-.13 p < .05
homeowner, mortgage status unknown (vs. homeowner 
without mortgage)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cb=-.32 p < .01
renter                             (vs. homeowner 
without mortgage
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cb=-.00 ns
other tenure                       (vs. homeowner 
without mortgage (b= -.002)

b's controlled for:
housing situation
  - dwelling size
  - household composition
personal characteristic
  - education level
  - labour-market status
  - skill levels
  - gender
  - age
environment
  - degree of urbanization
  - self-reported health
country


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question

All things considered, to what extend are you satisfied with your life?
0 minimum
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 maximum


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl