Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Urbanization

StudyHerbers & Mulder (2017): study ZZ Europe 2012
TitleHousing and Subjective Well-Being of Older Adults in Europe.
SourceJournal of Housing and the Built Environment, 2017, Vol. 32, 533 - 558
URLhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10901-016-9526-1
Public50+ aged, general public, 16 European nations, 2012
SampleSelection from general population sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =36015

Correlate
Author's labelDegree of urbanization
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationUrbanization
Operationalization
3 big city/suburb (reference)
2 large or small town
1 village or small area

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cb=+.05 p < .10
large or small town        (vs. big city/suburb)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cb=-.04 ns
village or small area      (vs. big city/suburb)

b's controlled for:
housing situation
  - dwelling size
  - household composition
  - housing tenure
personal characteristics
  - education level
  - labour-market status
  - occupation level
  - self-reported health
  - gender
  - age
country


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question

All things considered, to what extend are you satisfied with your life?
0 minimum
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 maximum


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl