Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Level of school-education

StudyArampatzi et al. (2018): study NL 2012
TitleSocial Network Sites, Individual Social Capital and Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2018, Vol. 19, 99 - 122.
URLhttps://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs10902-016-9808-z.pdf
Public15-44 aged, internet users, The Netherlands, 2012-2013
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1944

Correlate
Author's labelEducation
Page in Source T1,3,5,AppendixA
Our classificationLevel of school-education
Operationalization
Selfreported level of school education:
3 High  (ISCED 5-6)
2 Medium (ISCED 3-4)
1 Low (ISCED 1-2) (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-jBeta=+.06 ns
Medium education   (vs low)
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-jBeta=+.10 ns
High education     (vs low)

Betas controlled for:
- time spent on social network sites
- time spent on internet (other)
- time spent on online games
- gender
- age
- employment status
- household income
- marital status
- year dummies

Beta not significantly affected by additional 
control for:
- contact with friends
- contact with family
- satisfaction with social contacts
- social loneliness


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-jSelfreport on single question:

On the whole, how happy would you say you are?
10 totally happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unhappy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl