Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Conscientiousness in nation

StudyLönnqvist & Itkonen (2014): study FI 2012
TitleIt’s all about Extraversion: Why Facebook Friend Count doesn’t Count towards Well-being.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2014, Vol. 53, 64 - 67
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092656614000968
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.jrp.2014.08.009
Public18+ aged, students, Finland
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4701

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived conscientiousness of compatriots
Page in Source 65-66
Our classificationConscientiousness in nation
Operationalization
Perception of conscentiousness of fellow countrymen 
reported in 6 bi-polar items:
a 'Capable, efficient, competent' vs. 'Inept, 
unprepared'
b 'Disorganized, sloppy' vs. 'Organized, neat, 
methodical'
c 'Dutiful, scrupulous' vs. 'Unreliable, undependable'
d 'Lazy, unambitious, imless' vs. 'Ambitious, 
workaholic'
e 'Discipined, persistent, strong-willed' vs. 
'Procrastinating, quitting, weak'
f 'Spontaneous, careless, thoughtless' vs. 'Cautious, 
reflective, careful'
5-point ratings thwards one or the other end of the 
scale.
Remarks
Items from the National Character Test (Terraciano 
2005)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.04 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
Beta's controlled for:
- age
- gender
- number of Facebook friends
- extraversion
- emotional stability
- openness to experience
- agreeableness


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
BetaSTANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl