Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Perceived esteem by friends

StudyDemir et al. (2012): study ZZ Various nation sets 2010
TitleFriendship, Perceived Mattering and Happiness: A Study of American and Turkish College Students.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 2012, Vol. 152, 659 - 664
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2011.650237
DOIDOI: 10.1080/00224545.2011.650237
PublicCollege students, Turkish and Southwestern American Universities, 2010
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =569

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived mattering
Page in Source 660
Our classificationPerceived esteem by friends
Operationalization
Mattering to friends (same-sex best friends here), 
self-report on 11 questions:

Each person has ideas or feelings about how other 
people see them. I am interested in how you think 
people think about you. 
Choose the rating you feel is the best for each of the 
following sentences:
a: I feel special to my friends
b: I am needed by my friends
c: I am missed by my friends when I am away
d: When I talk, my friends try to understand what I am 
saying
e: I am interesting to my friends 
f: My friends notice my feelings
g: My friends give me credit when I do well
h: My friends notice when I need help
i: I matter to my friends
Rating:
[ 1 ] not much
[ 2 ] 
[ 3 ] somewhat
[ 4 ] 
[ 5 ] a lot

j: People have many things to think about. If your 
friends made a list of all the things s/he thinks about 
where do you think you'd be on the list? 
[ 5 ] top
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] bottom

k: If your friends made a list of all the things s/he 
cares about, where do you think you'd be on the list?
[ 5 ] top
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] bottom

Score: Mean of the item responses (ranging from 1 to 5)
Remarks
The Mattering to Others Questionnaire (Marshall, 2001)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-ars=+.33 p < .001
American sample
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-ars=+.18 p < .005
Turkish sample


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 20 questions:

Lead item not reported.
A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H excited
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Rated:
1: slightly/not at all
.
.
5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 no rank correlation
rs = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl