Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Satisfaction with friends

StudyDemir et al. (2012): study ZZ Various nation sets 2010
TitleFriendship, Perceived Mattering and Happiness: A Study of American and Turkish College Students.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 2012, Vol. 152, 659 - 664
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2011.650237
DOIDOI: 10.1080/00224545.2011.650237
PublicCollege students, Turkish and Southwestern American Universities, 2010
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =569

Correlate
Author's labelFriendship quality
Page in Source 660
Our classificationSatisfaction with friends
Operationalization
Self-report respondents' assessments of the degree to 
which a friend (best friendships same-sex only here) 
fills 6 friendship functions: 
a: stimulating companionship
b: help
c: intimacy
d: reliable alliance
e: self-validation
f: emotional security
Remarks
The McGill Friendship Questionnaire-Friend's Functions 
(Mendelson & Aboud, 1999) was used, it assess the 
quality of same-sex best friendship

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-ars=+.21 p < .005
American sample
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-ars=+.29 p < .001
Turkish sample


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 20 questions:

Lead item not reported.
A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H excited
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Rated:
1: slightly/not at all
.
.
5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 no rank correlation
rs = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl