Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Course, class, training group

StudyHanrahan (2005): study MX 2005
TitleUsing Psychological Skills Training from Sport Psychoogy to Enhance the Life Satisfaction of Adolescent Mexican Orphans.
SourceAthletic Insight, 2005, Vol. 7, 1 - 7
Public15-20 aged, before and after training, Mexico, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =26

Author's labelThree weeks daily program, improving psychological skills
Page in Source 2
Our classificationCourse, class, training group
Particpation in 3 week daily training, involving 15 
sessions on weekdays. The focus of the training was 
"control of the controlable". The program was 
advertised to teach skills that would help participants 
in sport, work, music or any other area of achievement
24 students attended at least 5 sessions (8,82 on 
average).4 students attended only 1 or 2 sessions and 
were deleted.

Observed Relation with Happiness
M-CO-u-mq-v-5-baDM=+ ns
Pre-test:  M = 3,65 (SD=0,84)
Post-test: M = 3,89 (SD=0,70)
- difference  +0,24

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-CO-u-mq-v-5-baSelfreport on 4 questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
A In most ways my life is close to ideal
B The conditions of my life are excellent
C I am satisfied with my life
D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3 neither agree nor disagree
2 slightly disagree
1 strongly disagree

Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Scale range = highest theoretical value minus lowest theoretical value
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.