Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Current general mental health

StudyMoriwaki (1974): study US 1971
TitleThe Affect Balance Scale: A Validity Study with Aged Samples.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1974, Vol. 29, 73 - 78
Public60+ aged, psychiatric cases and controls, Los Angeles, USA, 1971
Respondents N =27

Author's labelMental health
Page in Source 76
Our classificationCurrent general mental health
Normals vs psychiatric out-patients.
1:  Psychiatric outpatients: selected from 2 clinics.
0: Normal controls: selected from members   of Lutheran 
Church all in good    physical and mental health.

Observed Relation with Happiness
A-BB-c-mq-v-2-aDM=- s
Psychiatric out-patients scored 
- lower on Positive Affects  (005)
- higher on Negative Affects (001)
Hence significantly lower on Affect Balance

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-c-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"Looking at your present life situation, have you felt....?"
A Particularly excited, or interested in something?
B So restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Response options scoring
- yes = 1
- no = 0

Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores B,D,F,H,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's ' Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.