Correlational finding on Happiness and Current general mental health
Subject code: H13ab

StudyMoriwaki (1974): study US 1971
TitleThe Affect Balance Scale: A Validity Study with Aged Samples.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1974, Vol. 29, 73 - 78
Public60+ aged, psychiatric cases and controls, Los Angeles, USA, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =27

Correlate
Author's labelMental health
Page in Source 76
Our classificationCurrent general mental health , code H13ab
Operationalization
Normals vs psychiatric out-patients.
1:  Psychiatric outpatients: selected from 2 clinics.
0: Normal controls: selected from members   of Lutheran 
Church all in good    physical and mental health.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-c-mq-v-2-aDM=- s
Psychiatric out-patients scored 
- lower on Positive Affects  (005)
- higher on Negative Affects (001)
Hence significantly lower on Affect Balance


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-c-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"Looking at your present life situation, have you felt....?"
(yes/no)
A Particularly excited, or interested in something?
B So restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Response options scoring
- yes = 1
- no = 0

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores B,D,F,H,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's ' Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl